Beliefs about medicines questionnaire (BMQ) Horne, Weinman, Hankins, () Psychology and Health, 14, BMQ –Specific. Your views about medicines. This paper presents a novel method for assessing cognitive representations of medication: the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ). The BMQ-Specific assesses representations of medication prescribed for personal use and the BMQ-General assesses beliefs about medicines in general.

Author: Tojagami Kagabar
Country: Armenia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Politics
Published (Last): 25 March 2005
Pages: 378
PDF File Size: 17.97 Mb
ePub File Size: 15.10 Mb
ISBN: 145-1-74398-214-9
Downloads: 38590
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Fenrigal

Spanish De las Cuevas et al. Published online Bjq Participants were informed that the study was on a voluntary basis, that all information would be kept confidential, and that the information would only be handled by the principal investigator and would not be accessible to the hospital staff. The translation was based on the SkoposTheory. This is the first study to assess psychometric properties of the BMQ in the Maltese language.

Psychometric properties of the Belief about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) in the Maltese language

aout J Eval Clin Pract. Comparisons of Internal consistency alpha values obtained in the Maltese study with the original and others published in different languages. The final solution for Principal Component Analysis yielded a four-factor structure representing the 4 sub-scales of the BMQ, with results being comparable to previous studies out in different languages.

Portuguese Salgado et al. Beliefs about health and illness in women managed for gestational diabetes in two organisations. There were no mevicines significant differences between the groups. George D, Mallery P. The sub-scales in the French version also demonstrated good internal consistency with alpha values in the range of 0. Factor loadings include 0.

Psychometric properties of the Belief about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) in the Maltese language

Received Nov 11; Accepted Feb These anomalies in item-correlations were further investigated questionnairw re-calculating alpha after elimination of items G4 and G8 respectively and individually from the 4-item overuse scale. Due to the nature of the items loaded on component 4, this was identified as the Specific-concerns sub-scale items developed as representative of the scale include S2, S5, S6, S8, S9.


Low alpha values could be indicative of certain items on the general overuse scale not measuring the same concept. Forward translation One independent forward translation was carried out using Maltese fonts by the principal investigator. However, elimination of item S6 gave only minor gains with respect to the internal consistency of the tool. The forward translation was discussed and revised for better harmonisation of concepts in the instrument, with the intention of capturing the conceptual meaning of the items.

Theory and Practice in Language Studies. Table 6 Principal component analysis using varimax rotation with Kaiser Normalisation. A recalculated alpha value of 0. Back translation The Maltese version was back translated to English by a certified translator who had no access abouut the original version of the BMQ, since reversibility is crucial to equivalence.

Cognitive debriefing results and finalisation Finalisation of the translation allowed for any necessary modifications or rewording of the items. Problems with G4 were also present in other studies.

Adapting educational and psychological tests for cross-cultural assessment. She explained that this medicinws not a test, that there were no correct or incorrect answers.

SPSS for Windows step by abiut The development and evaluation of a new method for assessing beiefs cognitive representation of medication.

In summary, throughout the present study, the main problem was with the item on natural remedies, with this term presenting difficulties in mediccines equivalence amongst other translations. Principal Component Analysis PCA using Varimax rotation with Kaiser normalisation was carried out to analyse component loading of the items on the respective sub-scales.

At this stage, a potential modification was considered on the overuse scale, where G4 would be eliminated from the scale.

Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ)

In the case of the BMQ-Specific items, S1, S3, S4, S7 and S10 loaded all on component 3 necessityconfirming this as the Specific-necessity scale, as all items correspond to the items developed as representative of this scale. Cronbach alpha values obtained for different chronic illness groups within the Maltese population.


Evaluating the validity and reliability of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire in low-income, Spaninsh-speaking patients with diabetes in the United States. There is in fact a tendency for healthcare professionals to be weary of them, due to the fear that patients would stop using the prescribed conventional medicine altogether in favour of natural remedies.

BMQ – Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire

Neame R, Hammond A. Therefore, the minor improvement from this potential alteration would not justify the structural equivalence between the Maltese and English versions of the questionnaire. Four different chronic illness groups were selected based on those selected by Horne et al. In the case of the Specific-concerns factor, all items loaded on the concerns factor, however items S6 My medicines are a mystery to me and S8 My medicines disrupt my life gave higher loadings on the Abojt harm factor.

Educ Meas Issues Pract. Int J Med Educ. Internal consistency and reliability for these sub-scales were also comparable to the other studies with the closest values being those reported in the Greek version used to study patients with wbout bowel disease.

The items are scored on a 5 point Likert scale with scores ranging from 4 to Starting at the beginning: Journal List Pharm Pract Granada v. Table 7 Principal component analysis using varimax rotation with Kaiser Normalisation. Curr Pharm Teach Learn. METHODS Instrument The BMQ consists of an item questionnaire which assesses medication beliefs in general and in specific conditions allowing for the investigation of the overall perceptions of medication in general BMQ—Generalas well as perceptions of medication in more definite situations such as chronic illnesses BMQ —Specific.

In the development of the BMQ, during confirmatory factor analysis, S6 had a loading of 0. Percentage of Variance explained Developing test score reports that work: